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Medical Definition of Anemia & Symptoms

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Definition of Anemia.

Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells in  the  blood has decreased.

Anemia is a condition in which you do not have enough healthy red  blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to the tissues of the body, you  may  feel tired and weak if you have anemia.

Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their  capacity to carry oxygen is insufficient to meet physiological needs,  varying by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and status of pregnancy.

It’s not a diagnosis in itself because it has many different causes that  need  to be correctly identified to treat the condition successfully, it might also be the very next indicator of a serious underlying issue  such as an ulcer  of the stomach, an autoimmune condition or cancer.

Iron deficiency is thought to be the most common cause of anaemia  worldwide, although other conditions, such as deficiencies in folate,  vitamin B12 and vitamin A, chronic inflammation, parasite infections,  and inherited disorders, may all cause anaemia.

Anemia is the most common condition of blood in the United States.  it affects about 5.6% of the U.S. population, there is an increased risk of  anemia among women, young children, and people with chronic diseases. 

Important factors to remember are the following:

  • Some forms of anemia are hereditary and from the time of birth infants may be affected.
  • Women in childbirth are particularly susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia due to menstrual blood loss and increased demands for blood supply during pregnancy.
  • Older individuals may also be at increased risk of developing anemia due to poor diet and other medical conditions.

What Causes Anemia?

There are over 400 anemia types divided into three groups:

  • Anemia caused by blood loss.
  • Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells.
  • Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.

What Are the Symptoms of Anemia?

Anemia symptoms vary depending on the type of anemia, the underlying cause, severity, and any underlying health issues such as hemorrhaging,  ulcers, menstrual issues, or cancer. first of all, specific symptoms of these  issues may be noticed.

Anaemia

Symptoms common to many types of anemia include the following:

  • Dizziness.
  • Pale skin.
  • Insomnia.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Easy tiredness and energy loss.
  • Exceptionally fast heartbeat, especially with exercise.
  • Breathlessness and headache, especially with exercise.

Other symptoms are associated with specific forms of anemia.

Anemia Caused by Iron Deficiency.

Those symptoms may affect people with an iron deficiency:

  • Mouth soreness with cracks in the corners.
  • Curvature upwards of the nails, psychiatrists.
  • A hunger for strange substances (a condition called pica) such as paper, ice or dirt.

Anemia Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency.

Individuals whose vitamin B12 deficiency causes anemia may have  these symptoms:

  • Dementia.
  • Lost sense of touch.
  • A wobbling gait and walking difficulty.
  • Timidity and rigidity of the arms and legs.
  • A feeling in the hands or feet of tingling, “pins and needles”

Anemia Caused by Chronic Lead Poisoning.

  • Vomiting.
  • Constipation.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • A blue-black line known as a lead line on the gums.

Sickle Cell Anemia.

  • Fatigue.
  • Susceptibility to infection.
  • Children’s delayed growth or development.
  • Severe pain episodes, particularly in the joints, abdomen and limbs.
Anaemia

Anemia Caused by Sudden Red Blood Cell Destruction.

  • Seizures.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Brown or red urine.
  • Yellow skin (yellow skin).
  • Kidney failure symptoms.
  • Under the skin, small bruises.

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