Definition of Apraxia and Symptoms 2019

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What Is Apraxia?

Apraxia is a neurological condition that is not well understood.  people who have it, even though their muscles are normal, 

Find it  difficult or impossible to make certain motor movements.  dyspraxia is recognized as milder types of apraxia.

Apraxia (called if mild “dyspraxia”) is a neurological disorder defined  by the loss of capacity to perform or perform qualified motions and  gestures, despite having the willingness and physical capacity to  perform them.


Apraxia is the result of brain cerebral hemispheric dysfunction,  particularly the parietal lobe, and may result from many illnesses or  brain damage, there are several types of apraxia that can happen alone  or in conjunction.

Apraxia can happen in various forms, one type is apraxia of the orofacial.  people with orofacial apraxia can not carry out certain movements  involving facial muscles on a voluntary basis.

They may not, for example, be able to tap or wink their lips, another  form of apraxia affects the ability of a person to deliberately move arms  and legs.


The most common is buccofacial or orofacial apraxia,  resulting in the failure to perform on-command facial motions such as brushing lips, whistling,  coughing, or winking.

Other kinds of apraxia include limb-kinetic apraxia (incapacity to create fine, accurate arm or leg motions), ideomotor apraxia (incapacity to create correct motion in reaction to a  verbal command), ideational apraxia (incapacity to coordinate action.

Childhood apraxia of speech.

Childhood speech apraxia (CAS) is a rare speech disorder where it is  difficult for a kid to make precise moves when talking.

The brain in CAS is struggling to develop speech movement plans.  the voice muscles are not weak with this disease, but they do not  perform usually because the brain has trouble directing or coordinating  the motions.

To talk properly, the brain of your child must learn how to create plans  telling his or her voice muscles how to move the lips, jaw and tongue in  ways that result in precise sounds and phrases spoken with ordinary  velocity and rhythm.

CAS is often treated with speech therapy in which, with the help of a  speech-language pathologist, children practice the right way to say words,  syllables and phrases.

Apraxia Causes.

Apraxia is the result of brain damage, it is called acquired apraxia when  apraxia develops in a person who has previously been able to perform  the tasks or abilities.

Childhood speech apraxia is a motor speech disturbance, there’s  something in the brain of the child that doesn’t allow messages to get to  the muscles of the mouth to properly produce speech.

The cause is mostly unknown. CAS is not a “outgrown” disorder, but will  not progress without treatment for children with CAS.

Little data are available on how many children have speech apraxia in  their childhood, the percentage of kids diagnosed with the disease seems  to be rising, but how the incidence has changed over time is difficult to  assess.

The most common causes of acquired apraxia are:

  • Stroke.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Galactosemia.
  • Increased accessibility of CAS studies.
  • Brain tumor.
  • Traumatic brain injury.
  • Dementia.
  • Evaluation and identification of earlier age.
  • Autism.
  • Certain mitochondrial disorders.
  • Increased awareness by practitioners and relatives of childhood language apraxis.
  • Condition that causes the brain and nervous system to deteriorate gradually (neurodegenerative disease).

Signs and symptoms.

The three most prevalent characteristics in kids with speech  apraxis,  according to the American Speech-LanguageHearing Association (ASHA, 2007), are:

  • Difficulty generating words and phrases that are longer, more complicated.
  • Inappropriate intonation and stress in word / phrase manufacturing (e.g., timing, rhythm and speech flow difficulties).
  • Inconsistent consonant and vowel mistakes in repeated syllable or word productions (for instance, a kid says the same word differently every time he attempts to create it).

Some additional language manufacturing features connected with  speech apraxia in adolescence 


  • Vowel sound mistakes.
  • Multiple and/or uncommon errors in noise.
  • Late development of the early words and sounds of the child.
  • A decreased inventory of sound (for example, a lack of expected variety of consonant and vowel sounds at some age).
  • Differences in automatic speech performance (such as “hello” and “thank you”) as opposed to voluntary speech. In most instances, apraxia of speech affects volunteer speech more.
  • Excessive mouth movements or attempts to position the mouth for the production of sound.
  • Errors in terms of sound manufacturing (such as omitted, switched, or added to phrases and phrases).
  • The number of words produced is persistent or frequently regressed.

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