A goitre (sometimes spelled “goiter”) is a thyroid gland swelling which causes a lump in the neck front, when you swallow, the lump moves up and down.
A goiter (GOItur) is an abnormal thyroid gland enlargement, your thyroid is a gland in the shape of a butterfly at the base of your neck just below the apple of your Adam, while goiters are usually painless, a large goiter can cause cough and make swallowing or breathing difficult for you.
The thyroid gland in the neck, just before the windpipe (trachea), is a small butterfly-shaped gland.
It produces thyroid hormones that help to regulate the metabolism of the body, the chemical processes occurring in the body.
A goitre’s size may vary from person to person, the swelling is small in most cases and causes no symptoms.
A lack of iodine in the diet is the most common cause of goiters around the world. In the United States, where the use of iodized salt is common.
A goiter is more frequently caused by over underproduction of thyroid hormones or nodules developing in the gland itself.
Not all goiters cause symptoms and signs, the following may include when signs and symptoms occur:
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Difficulty breathing.
- A tight feeling in your neck.
- Your throat has a tight feeling
- Changes in your voice, for example, heaviness.
- A visible swelling at the base of your neck, which can be especially evident when you shave or make up.
Fast facts on goiter.
Here are a few key goiter points, the body of this article contains more details and supporting information.
- Unless the goiter is large and causes symptoms, treatment is not necessary.
- Goiter is generally caused by an autoimmune disease in developed countries.
- Goiter describes a condition of enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck.
- Goiter is usually diagnosed with physical examination, but blood tests and scans can be used for thyroid function.
What causes goitre?
Goitre has a number of different causes, including:
Iodine deficiency iodine is an essential trace element that helps to properly function the thyroid gland and to make thyroid hormones, two main hormones are called triiodothyronine and thyroxine. approximately 2.2 billion people worldwide have an iodine deficiency and approximately 29% of the world’s population live in an area deficient in iodine.
The disease of Graves this is an autoimmune disease in which the body produces antibodies that cause overactivity of the thyroid.
Benign growths these may take various forms, but the most common are follicular adenomas.
Physiological causes this includes increased demands during pregnancy and puberty for hormone production.
Toxic nodular goitre (Plummer’s disease) a nodule is associated with thyroid gland overactivity.
Hereditary causes there are a number of genetic conditions that may increase the probability of goitre formation.
Goiter treatment depends on the size of the goiter, your signs and symptoms, and the underlying cause, your doctor may recommend:
Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes trouble breathing or swallowing, or if you have a nodular goiter that causes hyperthyroidism in some cases.
surgery is also a thyroid cancer treatment.
If you have hypothyroidism, levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tirosint) replacement of the thyroid hormone will resolve the symptoms of hypothyroidism and slow the release of thyroid stimulating hormone from your pituitary gland, often decreasing the size of the goiter.
If your goiter is small and causes no problems, and your thyroid normally works, your doctor may suggest an approach to wait and see.